|Sophia PALMER (1777 - 1833)|
|Children||Self + Spouses||Parents||Grandparents||Greatgrandparents|
John CAMPBELL (1802 - 1886)
Robert CAMPBELL (1804 - 1859)
Sophia Palmer CAMPBELL (1807 - 1811)
Charles CAMPBELL (1810 - 1888)
Sophia Ives CAMPBELL (1812 - )
Sarah CAMPBELL (1815 - 1856)
George Palmer CAMPBELL (1818 - 1881)
Frederick Marsden CAMPBELL (1821 - 1844)
|Sophia PALMER (1777 - 1833)
Robert CAMPBELL (1769 - 1846)
|John PALMER (1727 - 1808)|
|Sarah TAYLOR (1735 - 1796)|
|Pic S1. Robert Campbell (1769 - 1846), by unknown artist, courtesy of National Library of Australia. nla.pic-an11030057-206|
|b. 1777 at Portsmouth, Hampshire, England|
|m. Nov 1801 Robert CAMPBELL (1769 - 1846) at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|d. 05 May 1833 at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia aged 56|
|John PALMER (1727 - 1808)|
|Sarah TAYLOR (1735 - 1796)|
|John PALMER (1760 - 1833)|
|John CAMPBELL (1802 - 1886)|
|Robert CAMPBELL (1804 - 1859)|
|Sophia Palmer CAMPBELL (1807 - 1811)|
|Charles CAMPBELL (1810 - 1888)|
|Sophia Ives CAMPBELL (1812 - )|
|Sarah CAMPBELL (1815 - 1856)|
|George Palmer CAMPBELL (1818 - 1881)|
|Frederick Marsden CAMPBELL (1821 - 1844)|
|Anne Sophia CAMPBELL (1837 - ), William Robert CAMPBELL (1838 - 1906), Fanny CAMPBELL (1840 - ), Lucy CAMPBELL (1845 - ), Florence CAMPBELL (1846 - ), Francis Selwyn CAMPBELL (1850 - ), Mary Louisa CAMPBELL (1854 - ), Walter CAMPBELL (1838 - ), Agnes CAMPBELL (1841 - ), Susan CAMPBELL (1843 - ), Christian CAMPBELL (1845 - ), Frederick CAMPBELL (1846 - 1928), Sophia CAMPBELL (1848 - ), Robert CAMPBELL (1850 - ), John JEFFREYS (1845 - ), Arthur F JEFFREYS (1848 - ), Robert JEFFREYS (1851 - ), Sophia JEFFREYS (1851 - 1851), John Edward Robert CAMPBELL (1855 - 1936), Sophia Susanna CAMPBELL (1857 - 1885), Frederick Arthur CAMPBELL (1861 - 1931), Edward Charles Close CAMPBELL (1862 - 1905), Sarah Marrianne Emily CAMPBELL (1866 - ), Robert George CAMPBELL (1871 - 1871)|
|Events in Sophia PALMER (1777 - 1833)'s life|
|1777||Sophia PALMER was born||Portsmouth, Hampshire, England||6|
|abt 1796||19||Death of mother Sarah TAYLOR (aged 61)|
|1800||23||Immigration||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||Note 1||6|
|Nov 1801||24||Married Robert CAMPBELL (aged 32)||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||Note 2||6|
|1802||25||Birth of son John CAMPBELL||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||V18021069 1A/1802||6|
|05 Oct 1804||27||Birth of son Robert CAMPBELL||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||6|
|1807||30||Birth of daughter Sophia Palmer CAMPBELL||New South Wales, Australia||V18071756 1A/1807||6|
|1808||31||Death of father John PALMER (aged 81)|
|20 Sep 1810||33||Birth of son Charles CAMPBELL||At sea||Hindostan||6|
|abt 1811||34||Death of daughter Sophia Palmer CAMPBELL (aged 4)||England||6|
|1812||35||Birth of daughter Sophia Ives CAMPBELL||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||6|
|1815||38||Birth of daughter Sarah CAMPBELL||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||V18153582 1A/1815||6|
|27 Jun 1818||41||Birth of son George Palmer CAMPBELL||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||V18184510 1B/1818||6|
|1821||44||Birth of son Frederick Marsden CAMPBELL||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||V1821225 6/1821||6|
|05 May 1833||56||Sophia PALMER died||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia||6|
|Note 1: per "Porpoise" with brother John Palmer and his wife Susan Stillwell|
|Note 2: V1801500 3A/1801, CA, St Phillips CofE|
Sophia Campbell nee Palmer (1777–1833) was an early Australian artist.
One of eight children, Sophia Palmer was born in Portsmouth and educated in London. She came to Sydney with her naval officer brother John Palmer (1760-1833) and his family, a second unmarried naval officer brother Christopher Palmer (1767-1821), and her unmarried sister Sarah Sophia Palmer (1774-?) on board the Porpoise in November 1800. Her brother John Palmer was bringing his family to settle permanently in New South Wales, and had previously come to Sydney in 1788 as Purser on the Sirius, the flagship of the First Fleet. He had also been Commissary General of New South Wales from 1791 to 1811, remaining employed in the Commissariat until he retired in 1819; and he was a magistrate from 1793.
Sophia first settled on John Palmer's 100 acres (40 ha) 1793 grant which he named Woolloomooloo Farm. Within a year, on 17 September 1801, Sophia married the merchant Robert Campbell, a Scottish Presbyterian eight years her senior, in St. Phillips Church, Sydney.
Sophia moved to Wharf House, her husband Robert Campbell’s home behind his wharves on the west side of Circular Quay. Apart from two trips to England (in 1805-06 and 1810-15) and shorter journeys to various parts of New South Wales, she lived in Sydney until her death.
Sophia, a highly gifted amateur artist, recorded daily life as seen from her house. She visited the Illawarra, Broken Bay and Newcastle and recorded the scenes she witnessed in watercolours and pencil sketches. Her watercolour of Newcastle shows Christ Church in 1818, as well as the washing on the line and the gardens of her neighbours.
Newcastle with Christ Church in the distance
Her detailed sketches of her surroundings in early Sydney and Newcastle can be viewed as typical examples of the art generally thought to be practised by colonial ladies. Art was an acceptable pastime pursued within a lifestyle perhaps offering limited diversions.
Two sketchbooks survive. One is still owned by Sophia’s descendants and held in a private collection. The other is owned by the National Library of Australia, Canberra. It was acquired around 1940 as part of the John Ferguson Collection which consists of over 34000 items. Sir John Ferguson had spent a lifetime collecting and describing library materials, with a particular concentration on Australiana.
Both of Sophia’s sketchbooks are filled with images dating from about 1816 to about 1820. She is thought to be the first woman known to have painted Australian scenes and people. Her sketches are entirely of public rather than private subjects. The watercolours of the Illawarra district are the earliest known views of the area then still outside of the boundaries of settlement.
Sophia died in 1833 and was buried in St John’s Cemetery, Parramatta.
1. ^ 
Colonial Secretary Index
* Clifford Amandus Burmester, National Library of Australia. Guide to the Collections, Volume 1. National Library of Australia, Canberra 1974
* Joan Kerr, The Dictionary of Australian Artists, Painters, Sketchers, Photographers and Engravers to 1970. Oxford University Press Australia 1992 ISBN 0909798996
|6. Type: Book, Abbr: Queanbeyan Register, Title: Biographical register of Canberra and Queanbeyan: from the district to the Australian Capital Territory 1820-1930, Auth: Peter Proctor, Publ: The Heraldry & Genealogical Society of Canberra, Date: 2001|
|- Reference = 250 (Immigration)|
|- Reference = 40 (Name, Notes)|
|- Reference = 40 (Marriage)|
|- Reference = 250 (Birth)|
|- Reference = 250 (Death)|