Charles CAMPBELL (1810 - 1888)
Children Self + Spouses Parents Grandparents Greatgrandparents
Walter CAMPBELL (1838 - )
Agnes CAMPBELL (1841 - )
Susan CAMPBELL (1843 - )
Christian CAMPBELL (1845 - )
Frederick CAMPBELL (1846 - 1928)
Sophia CAMPBELL (1848 - )
Robert CAMPBELL (1850 - )
Charles CAMPBELL (1810 - 1888)


Catherine Irena PALMER (1816 - 1863)
Robert CAMPBELL (1769 - 1846) John CAMPBELL (1728 - )

Agnes PATERSON (1729 - )

Sophia PALMER (1777 - 1833) John PALMER (1727 - 1808)

Sarah TAYLOR (1735 - 1796)


Pic P1. Charles Campbell (1810 - 1888), by unknown artist, courtesy of State Library of New South Wales. GPO 1 - 17509

Pic 1. Charles Campbell (1810 - 1888), by unknown artist, courtesy of State Library of New South Wales. GPO 1 - 17509

b. 20 Sep 1810 at At sea
m. 1837 Catherine Irena PALMER (1816 - 1863) at Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia
d. 17 Aug 1888 at Inverness, Inverness-shire, Scotland aged 77
Robert CAMPBELL (1769 - 1846)
Sophia PALMER (1777 - 1833)
Siblings (7):
John CAMPBELL (1802 - 1886)
Robert CAMPBELL (1804 - 1859)
Sophia Palmer CAMPBELL (1807 - 1811)
Sophia Ives CAMPBELL (1812 - )
Sarah CAMPBELL (1815 - 1856)
George Palmer CAMPBELL (1818 - 1881)
Frederick Marsden CAMPBELL (1821 - 1844)
Children (7):
Walter CAMPBELL (1838 - )
Agnes CAMPBELL (1841 - )
Susan CAMPBELL (1843 - )
Christian CAMPBELL (1845 - )
Frederick CAMPBELL (1846 - 1928)
Sophia CAMPBELL (1848 - )
Robert CAMPBELL (1850 - )
Grandchildren (6):
Catherine CAMPBELL (1879 - 1879), Sybil Jean CAMPBELL (1880 - 1962), Charles Bruce CAMPBELL (1890 - 1917), Kate Agnes Margaret Annabella CAMPBELL (1893 - 1969), Walter Malcolm CAMPBELL (1897 - 1972), John Andrew McDuff CAMPBELL (1902 - 1917)
Events in Charles CAMPBELL (1810 - 1888)'s life
Date Age Event Place Notes Src
20 Sep 1810 Charles CAMPBELL was born At sea Hindostan 6
18 Mar 1815 4 Immigration Sydney, New South Wales, Australia per "Sydney Packet" 6
05 May 1833 22 Death of mother Sophia PALMER (aged 56) Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 6
1837 27 Married Catherine Irena PALMER (aged 21) Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia Note 1 6
1838 28 Birth of son Walter CAMPBELL Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 6
1841 31 Birth of daughter Agnes CAMPBELL Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 6
1843 33 Birth of daughter Susan CAMPBELL Sydney, New South Wales, Australia V1843229 27A/1843 6
1845 35 Birth of son Christian CAMPBELL Sydney, New South Wales, Australia V1845583 48/1845 6
1846 36 Birth of son Frederick CAMPBELL Duntroon, ACT, Australia V18462121 31A/1846 6
15 Apr 1846 35 Death of father Robert CAMPBELL (aged 76) Duntroon, ACT, Australia V1846428 31B/1846, age 77 6
1848 38 Birth of daughter Sophia CAMPBELL New South Wales, Australia V18481843 33A/1848 6
1850 40 Birth of son Robert CAMPBELL New South Wales, Australia V18501112 35/1850 6
28 Apr 1863 52 Death of wife Catherine Irena PALMER (aged 47) Bayswater, London, Middlesex, England 6
17 Aug 1888 77 Charles CAMPBELL died Inverness, Inverness-shire, Scotland 6
Note 1: V18371559 21/1837, CB, St John's
Personal Notes:

CAMPBELL, CHARLES (1810-1888), pastoralist and politician, was born at sea on 20 September 1810, the third son of Robert Campbell, merchant of Campbell's Wharf, Sydney, and his wife Sophia, née Palmer. He was a precocious child and was taught by classical tutors in Sydney before entering Thomas Reddall's and then Rev. F. Wilkinson's schools. Afterwards he studied at home until he went to Europe about 1829. He had a phenomenal memory, and an outstanding knowledge of Latin, Greek and comparative religions.

After returning to Sydney in 1835 he decided on a country life at Limestone Plains. He bought land and managed Duntroon for his father and Ginninderra for his cousin, George Thomas Palmer. In 1837, having arranged to buy Ginninderra and paid a deposit on it, he married Catherine Irene, Palmer's daughter; they had five children and lived at Ginninderra.

Charles took a leading part in the Southern Association's efforts to stop cattle stealing. He soon found that, except for a few convicts, labour was very scarce, so he placed at the disposal of John McDonald, afterwards manager of The Times, funds to provide passages for shepherds from Scotland. He arranged for others to come out in ships trading for Campbell & Co.

Charles lost almost all his property in the prolonged drought of 1837-39 and the plague of scab that followed. The low prices of 1842 made property almost unsaleable. He was unable to continue to pay instalments on Ginninderra, so Palmer foreclosed and took over the property. Charles and his family moved to Duntroon where he greatly improved the lot of the employees, built groups of cottages as village communities, and gave the heads of families two acres (.8 ha) on which to grow fruit and vegetables and keep a cow. He wished to see small prosperous landowners established in the country. On his father's behalf, he provided a school and a schoolmaster and organized the building of the Church of St John the Baptist, Canberra, as well as a church at Queanbeyan. In 1841 and 1842 Charles addressed political meetings in Sydney, and in 1846 was the principal speaker at a mass meeting in protest against the reintroduction of transportation. As a candidate for the South Coast district, he stood for the Legislative Council election in 1851 but was defeated.

His father died in 1846, bequeathing his estates in equal shares to his six children. Charles managed Duntroon as its prospective owner but, when he left it in 1853, his father's estates had not been divided. Before sailing for England in 1854 he discussed with his brothers the need for a bishop for the Southern District. Later his elder brothers offered to endow the see of Goulburn, but Bishop Frederic Barker thought it unnecessary and would not subscribe towards it. In England Charles obtained the approval of the Colonial Bishops' Committee for the new see and the promise of at least £1000 towards its endowment. As arranged, the new bishop was appointed by the archbishop of Canterbury but Charles disapproved his religious activities and threatened to withdraw the family's endowments if the appointment were not rescinded. It was not rescinded and the family's endowments were not withdrawn. In 1864 when Bishop Mesac Thomas was inducted in Goulburn, Charles was one of the welcoming committee. Later he won the bishop's eulogies for his work and advice as chancellor of the diocese and for his accurate and detailed knowledge of the laws and customs of the Church of England.

While in England he had become a barrister, and later was an examiner for the New South Wales Bar. After 1864 he twice stood for election as representative for Queanbeyan and was defeated each time by a small margin. In 1868, with his brother John's financial backing, he caused the resuscitation of The King's School, which had been closed for nearly four years. He later became one of its governors. In 1870 he was nominated to the Legislative Council and took an active part in its debates. He died at Inverness, Scotland, in 1888.

Charles Campbell was an austere pioneer with a quick but short-lived temper and a biting tongue. Impatient with men less intelligent than himself, he admitted no shades of opinion between right and wrong. Although eloquent in his hatred of deceit and cruelty, he was not popular, but his industry and vision matched his integrity.
Select Bibliography

Historical Records of Australia, series 1, vols 18, 26; S. M. Johnstone, The History of The King's School, Parramatta (Syd, 1932); R. Border, Founding of the See of Goulburn (Canberra, 1956); Macarthur papers (State Library of New South Wales); F. Campbell, notes (privately held). More on the resources

Author: C. E. T. Newman

Print Publication Details: C. E. T. Newman, 'Campbell, Charles (1810 - 1888)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 1, Melbourne University Press, 1966, pp 198-199.
Source References:
6. Type: Book, Abbr: Queanbeyan Register, Title: Biographical register of Canberra and Queanbeyan: from the district to the Australian Capital Territory 1820-1930, Auth: Peter Proctor, Publ: The Heraldry & Genealogical Society of Canberra, Date: 2001
- Reference = 40 (Birth)
- Reference = 40 (Immigration)
- Reference = 39 (Marriage)
- Reference = 40 (Death)
- Reference = 40 (Name, Notes)

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